Reading Comprehension Test

Reading Comprehension Test

Reading Comprehension Test.
Welcome to Practice Module for Prelims CSAT!

Instructions:

  • Read the following passages carefully and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
  • Passages from Previous Year Question Papers bear tag accordingly. Items are subject to change daily.
  • For each question, only one of the four options is correct. Each item carries 2.5 marks. 1/3rd of the assigned mark will be deducted for each wrong choice made.
  • Number of Questions: 4. Total Marks: 10. Time: 5 minutes. The timer starts when you press the Next button.

How to Study for the Civil Services Exam
Link to the Official UPSC Site


Reading Comprehension Test

June 4, 2020

Welcome! Press Next to start. All the best!

1.

An innovative India will be inclusive as well as technologically advanced, improving the lives of all Indians. Innovation and R&D can mitigate increases in social inequality and relieve the pressures created by rapid urbanization. The growing divergence in productivity between agriculture and knowledge-intensive manufacturing and services threatens to increase income inequality. By encouraging India's R&D labs and universities to focus on the needs of poor people and by improving the ability of informal firms to absorb knowledge, an innovation and research agenda can counter this effect. Inclusive innovation can lower the cost of goods and services and create income - earning opportunities for the poor people.


Which among the following is the most logical and rational assumption that can be made from the above passage?
2.

Many farmers use synthetic pesticides to kill infesting insects. The consumption of pesticides in some of the developed countries is touching 3000 grams/hectare. Unfortunately, there are reports that these compounds possess inherent toxicities that endanger the health of the farm operators, consumers and the environment. Synthetic pesticides are generally persistent in environment. Entering in food chain they destroy the microbial diversity and cause ecological imbalance. Their indiscriminate use has resulted in development of resistance among insects to insecticides, upsetting of balance in nature and resurgence of treated populations. Natural pest control using the botanical pesticides is safer to the user and the environment because they break down into harmless compounds within hours or days in the presence of sunlight. Plants with pesticidal properties have been in nature for millions of years without any ill or adverse effects on the ecosystem. They are easily decomposed by many microbes common in most soil. They help in the maintenance of biological diversity, of predators and the reduction of environmental contamination and human health hazards. Botanical pesticides formulated from plants are biodegradable and their use in crop protection is a practical sustainable alternative.


Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding bio-pesticides?


1. They are not hazardous to human health.
2. They are persistent in the environment.
3. They are essential to maintain the biodiversity of any ecosystem.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.



3.

Many farmers use synthetic pesticides to kill infesting insects. The consumption of pesticides in some of the developed countries is touching 3000 grams/hectare. Unfortunately, there are reports that these compounds possess inherent toxicities that endanger the health of the farm operators, consumers and the environment. Synthetic pesticides are generally persistent in environment. Entering in food chain they destroy the microbial diversity and cause ecological imbalance. Their indiscriminate use has resulted in development of resistance among insects to insecticides, upsetting of balance in nature and resurgence of treated populations. Natural pest control using the botanical pesticides is safer to the user and the environment because they break down into harmless compounds within hours or days in the presence of sunlight. Plants with pesticidal properties have been in nature for millions of years without any ill or adverse effects on the ecosystem. They are easily decomposed by many microbes common in most soil. They help in the maintenance of biological diversity, of predators and the reduction of environmental contamination and human health hazards. Botanical pesticides formulated from plants are biodegradable and their use in crop protection is a practical sustainable alternative.


On the basis of the above passage, the following assumptions have been made:
1. Synthetic pesticides should never be used in modem agriculture.
2. One of the aims of sustainable agriculture is to ensure minimal ecological imbalance.
3. Botanical pesticides are more effective as compared to synthetic pesticides.

Which of the assumptions given above is/are correct?



4.

The IMF has pointed out that the fast growing economies of Asia face the risk of falling into 'middle-income trap'. It means that average incomes in these countries, which till now have been growing rapidly, will stop growing beyond a point—a point that is well short of incomes in the developed West. The IMF identifies a number of causes of middle-income trap—none of which is surprising—from infrastructure to weak institutions, to leas than favourable macroeconomic conditions. But the broad, overall cause, says IMF, is a collapse in the growth of productivity.


Which among the following is the most logical, rational and critical inference that can be made from the above passage?


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *